Services for Adults With Autism Spectrum Disorder: a Systems Perspective, (2020), Shattuck, P.T., Garfield, T., Roux, A.M. et al.
Open access article: (https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11920-020-1136-7#citeas )
Purpose of Review
We review original research about services for adults on the autism spectrum published from January 2013 through December 2018. The main aim is to characterize the topical and methodological aspects of research about services. We review research on services related to employment, living in the community, and social participation. We compare our results with those from a similar review published in 2012 to assess progress and identify where new directions in research about services for adults with autism are needed.
We found the evidence base about services for adults on the autism spectrum remains very small and highly variable in aims and methods. There is wide variability in methods used to define sampling frames and recruit participants. Most studies focus on employment. Almost no studies examine the overall ecosystem of services serving autistic adults. Few studies use a conceptual framework for understanding access to, or improvement of, services.
The small size of the extant research coupled with inconsistent quality prevents the accumulation of new knowledge in ways that would significantly inform the improvement of systems of care for the growing population of adults on the autism spectrum.
Citations: Shattuck, P.T., Garfield, T., Roux, A.M. et al. Services for Adults With Autism Spectrum Disorder: a Systems Perspective. Curr Psychiatry Rep 22, 13 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11920-020-1136-7.